Clinical Case 7 : Poland Syndrome treatment by Dr Benito-Ruiz

Clinical case: treatment of a significant Poland syndrome by Dr Benito-Ruiz

Diagnosis and treatment of a strong Poland syndrome on a young man

Case presentation

Implant surgery


About the author

Clinical Scenario

The patient is a 25-year-old young man with a Poland syndrome on his left side. The sternoclavicular and sternocostal parts of his pectoralis major muscle are atrophied. The costal bone plan is slightly deformed. The patient's left arm is shorter than his right arm. His deformity is a type 3 Poland Syndrome as the pathology affects the muscle and the rib cage.

The patient wants to have a normal life, without having to hide his malformation at the beach or during his sports activities. I offered him a correction with a 3D custom-made implant with a design based on his right pectoralis muscle to create a perfect symmetry between the right and left parts of his body.

The surgery

The surgery with custom-made implants

The custom-made implant was placed through an axillarily approach in the armpit. It was slipped subcutaneously in a chamber to its exact measure, then encapsulated by fibrin, for a perfect stabilisation. The 8-cm incision was sutured in 2 planes.

Surgical follow-up

Postoperative recovery proceeded with no complications. I prescribed to the patient paracetamol in case of pain, and a support bra to keep for 15 days. He could resume sport after three months


Good result one year after the operation. The patient is satisfied with a better symmetry of his thorax. He was able to resume all his activities with no complex.

Author and bibliography


Dr Benito-Ruiz is the director of the Antiaging Group Barcelona plastic surgery practice. He was also president of AECEP in 2018-2019 and vice-president of cosmetic surgery of SECPRE between 2015-2018.


Breast Augmentation Surgery: How Do We Do It? Results of a Joint Survey from European Association of Societies of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery - J. Benito-Ruiz, A. Redondo - Aesthetic Plastic Surgery volume 44, pages1957–1964(2020)

Five-Year Outcomes of Breast Augmentation with Form-Stable Implants: Periareolar vs Transaxillary - J. Benito-Ruiz, M-L Manzano, L. Salvador-Miranda - Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Volume 37, Issue 1, 1 January 2017, Pages 46–56

Effects of Silicone Implants on the Mammary Gland: Ultrasonographic and 3D Study - J. Benito-Ruiz, F. de Cabo, M. Manzano, L. Salvador - Aesthetic Plastic Surgery volume 43, pages354–365(2019)